A gradual introduction to the vegetative nutes, quarter strength, is good – every other water as a general guide – they are still babies. During a frost the moisture within the stem of a plant is drawn out and freezes, this can cause a small stem like a cutting to shrivel up and die. Sadly, my own windows are a mess from years of bug spray which they claim will rinse off with a power washer. All you need is a glass of water and a windowsill. To achieve this, get a peat pot and fill it up with potting soil. Next to the fireplace is an alcove for a monster size TV (which they had, and I will now get rid of) and shelves above. Many times these details, seen in piecemeal, do not look as appealing as the totally completed space and you are running scared before you need to. Once the cuttings are ready, place them into the water-filled container, then place this in an area that receives indirect sunlight. There is some capillary action between the perlite in the container and that of the dish, which keeps at least the lower part of the container moist. Rooting in pure perlite seems to reduce the number of cuttings lost to rot. Bit off topic but you guys would know. do all of you use rockwool cubes or jiffy inside the hempy? David, those were all GREAT tips! I become very sick from mold, and therefore my body can detect it in even small quantities. Perlite is mostly mixed with vermiculite in equal amounts. Now your plants are 8″ high and have filled the 1 pint pots with root. Selecting Growing Containers. By the way, I hate TVs being placed over a fireplace! It depends who you ask, some will say a week, others will say not at all. The key to good soil for cannabis plants, whether store-bought or homemade, is to balance moisture retention with water drainage. ... Water the cuttings using a watering can fitted with a rose and allow the excess to drain and the foliage to dry. Same 2 100L bags i bought a year ago. source. I was doing watering for 15min every 4 hrs, but next time I'm going to do it once a day. Totally normal, and easy to fix with a drink of water. David, I had mine sitting in a dish of maybe 1/4" of water. The three stem cuttings were then laid on the rim of the jar so that the tip of the stem cutting is touching the water. In the very beginning you want to water a few times a day til the roots reach the bottom reservoir. You cant overwater so dont worry about that. A sharp knife, blade or secatuer is vital, a bag of potting mix (made up of 40% coarse sand, 40% perlite and 20% peat), pots to plant them in and some rooting hormone powder or gel. Excess water can cause the succulent to get mushy and rot. Thank you David and Carol for this thread. Nope. I've had much better success using Perlite with water. I prefer to use an indoor lighting system instead of outdoor for cuttings so I … I've been there as much as I've been here. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. My personal preference for a propagation mix is 90% perlite with 10% peat moss. Water is not a good medium to root most cuttings in because an adequate amount of oxygen can't reach developing roots. Just wondering if the same has to be done with just perlite? After that you are proabably going to water every 2-3 days until you get to the 4-6 mark then you will be watering every day. You are either looking at one or the other, and usually the TV is placed too high on the wall. Depending on your growing temps, you will be watering every 36 hours to 4 days. Make sure the container is well-drained and water does not collect at the bottom of the container. Insulation was placed outside the metal ducts. DIY-ers are not experienced enough to see these things coming. The University of California recommends taking an 8- to 12-inch cutting from a 2- to 3-year-old branch in early spring, before the buds break. I think the wall should be painted black, so at least the beige fireplace, with the raised hearth, would be noticeable instead of just taking up space. Check moisture in the potting medium and water when it begins to feel dry. Everything feels dry to me. Why are you using pure Perlite? It's something to do with the pyrethrum and I've asked around - yep, it's bad for windows but you can't help to get the overspray when they spray your entire house. I grew in 50/50 coco perlite last time and flushed once a week. Insert cuttings into the propagation medium from one-half to two-thirds of their length with one shoot bud exposed. So i got worried this morning so i flushed them both with 5L of phd water. 1 is a monster 2.5ft square the other has always struggled alittle but not too bad 2ft square but in the last week the smaller one got a little nute burn so i backed off and it still doesnt look good theres little yellow dots on the fan leaves now. Some plants can be propagated by placing cuttings into water and leaving them there until they take root. As well, the larger the container and volume of perlite, the easier it is to manage the moisture level. I tried propagating lavender and two kinds of salvia in perlite. Set the plants on the perlite which should be kept moist. JavaScript is disabled. We are are at 96% humidity right now, so I removed all the domes and the bags. Everyone posting here is so very helpful and considerate for you, but now you need someone to help you in person rather than what we cannot see here on line. The house is in San Diego, CA. During the rooting phase cuttings are very vulnerable to drying out. Water hardwood cuttings with a sprinkler until they start growing leaves, then mist-water the cuttings until they are rooted. I like it too! if so, how often did you water/feed the seedling before it hit the res? You may place them in pots or cups without drainage filled with moist perlite or vermiculite. Also the mixture should be microwaved for five minute before use in order kill every thing including mould.Sorry, I love to grow cactus seeds so I have to be very particular about hygiene. Some fine coir and leaf mulch mixed gains enough moisture from the humidity in the bag. Taking cuttings – watering the cutting. Perlite ensures that water doesn’t stay too long in your pot. Ok so excess salts from fertz wont build up in this medium? If the water in your containers appears clean, you may be able to just add more as the water … Germinate in rapid rooters and place in solo cups 100% perlite. Healthy succulents have chunky stems and leaves because that’s where they store water reserves. Put the air-filled bag in indirect sunlight and check it after two or three weeks for root formation. I'm in the desert Southwest with very low humidity. One method is to sit the end of the cuttings just above the surface of the water. I did rewater the perlite and there are good drain holes, but I removed the water in the drainage dish. Now just cause it’s winter doesn’t mean the cuttings aren’t vulnerable. Create a 50/50 mix of compost and sand/perlite. When the top of the potting medium is moist (or the water level has stayed the same for a while), empty out the water. Let the soil mixture be made up of sand, soil, and perlite. Provide the plants with bright, but indirect sunlight so they receive sufficient light without overheating. After that you are proabably going to water every 2-3 days until you get to the 4-6 mark then you will be watering every day. Because im 4 weeks into flowering 2 purple kush in pure perlite hempys 5g. I'll start again with David's hints in mind. There’s two different methods people use when rooting in water. Growing Medium. Water is slowly released into the atmosphere, benefiting the plants. It doesn't. Hibiscus cuttings. Frosts will also dry your cuttings out. I am presently in my parents' home, and they have both recently passed away. It's a closed system (rooting cup and bag), so theoretically, moisture should not be lost. I try to keep the container the cuttings and perlite - which has drain holes - in another water tight container, and if that has 1/4 to 1/2 inch of water, then I know the perlite is moist enough. If the pot sits in water, the soil will be too wet and the cuttings will rot. What do you use to wash your windows and how often do you do it? The walls and carpet and the fireplace ceramic tile (which matches the kitchen floor, are all BEIGE! Perlite is equally useful in hydroponics and soil-less horticulture: Propagation of plant cuttings: Perlite stimulates root growth, and prevents drowning by helping drain excess water away from the cuttings. These ducts also are impossible to clean. Like at the end? He used Dawn and a squeegee. Do you have to flush 100% perlite like coco? You can go up to a full 24 hours a day if you wish – they won’t suffer for it. While you can use it for sterilizing perlite, you can continue to water the medium once a week with the solution after sowing. They will spend more energy going down, opposed to out. You'll want to water the cutting sparingly only when the rooting medium dries out, being careful not to give the cuttings too much water. I really enjoy 100% perlite hempy! How to Cut Noise Pollution at Home, Easy Green: Cut Electricity Use With 15 Unplugged Home Devices, Laser-Cut Focus: The Future of Design Is Here, Protect a Precious Resource With a Rain Garden, 6 Dependable Ground Covers for Warm Climates, See 6 Yards Transformed by Losing Their Lawns, 12 Cleaning Projects That Go a Little Deeper — Naturally, Ice Plant Succulent (Corpuscularia lehmannii) propagation. If there is too much leaf left on, the plant will transpire (lose water) faster. Perlite has its place in soil, but it is extremely useful in hydroponic gardening as well. Another trick it try to stir the top inch with a pencil - if thats easy to do, then its drying out. Here are nontoxic solutions for often-overlooked cleaning jobs, Bar and Counter Stools With Free Shipping, Carol love_the_yard (Zone 9A Jacksonville, FL), Quiet, Please! In propagation trays with smaller cells, for example 288’s, the cuttings are stuck much closer together so there can be increased loss from bacterial disease and often flowering is delayed in liners by a few days. Alternatively, you may allow the cuttings to callous by letting them lay for a couple of hours to a few days, depending on the type of plant. Anyone that promises this, or uses this word, is setting themselves, and worst of all the end user, up for a disappointment. it would be appreciated, Hey I threw a link here over in the UK growers thread and another one for frenchy cannoli over there so we'll see what you get. Perlite is not like other potting mixes where you can poke in a finger and feel the dampness. The word to use is "BLEND" as colors from one type of material goods, and or within the same item type, are made at different times and alternate locations, it is impossible to expect them to be virtually the same. If you are not working with an experienced interior design professional currently in your design endeavors, please find one you are comfortable with that can assist you and reassure you in completion of your space. That was fine. Then transfer to a 3 part perlite to 1 part vermiculite. When the water reserves run low the plant will become a tad wrinkly. You may need to add fresh water once in a while to encourage healthy root growth. Locate them at first in bright light, away from the sun. Wind can quickly dry cuttings out even cold winter winds. Here, its very arid, single digit humidities, and I have to add a bit of water every week or so. I use pots that measure 5 " x 5" x 5" deep. you could probably get away with doing it once a day, I'd try at least twice a day, once when you get up, and once before bed. Take your cuttings and place them in a Ziploc bag of moistened perlite, about one-third full of perlite. BEST OF LUCK to you! These homeowners did, and they found creative alternatives, Conserve a vital resource and save money by collecting stormwater for irrigation in a barrel or tank, Cutting-edge methods are creating tile looks from handmade to avant-garde, as seen as CERSAIE 2013, Eucalyptus oil for germy door handles. Cloudy winter days often result in poor houseplant or seedling growth. Water it mildly and create a hole where you can plant the cutting. Look forward to starting your moist cuttings when you get them back home. I sit in that room everyday, and I am really tired of the way that wall looks. It can be used with rooting compounds. You cant overwater so dont worry about that. Now I'm down to the last salvia (salvia greigii) which looks exactly the same as when I put them in the container. Move later to an area where they receive morning sun. All cuttings will perform better if given protection from the elements. If you live in a hot and dry climate the cuttings rooting in pure perlite will need to be misted more often to keep them from drying out. They lived here for about 16 years and never used the fireplace which is in the family room, directly across the room from the open kitchen with island. So, I don't think I need this fireplace; except when it's time to sell the house! You must log in or register to reply here. Everything is either about a fireplace makeover or fireplace safety. In the very beginning you want to water a few times a day til the roots reach the bottom reservoir. I haven't cleaned mine since spring, mostly because I haven't been here much. is it possible to overwater if it is pure perlite without rockwool or jiffys? This is the nature of fabricating in the products industry. (Wouldn't you love to have our jobs?) Perlite is not like other potting mixes where you can poke in a finger and feel the dampness. Therefore, hydrogen peroxide is useful not just before planting but also after sowing. I did Hempy last round with great success. We quit the service 5 years ago and the windows are all still hazy. Plants, such as gardenias, that prefer acid soil often root better in a mixture containing peat moss in addition to sand or perlite. I threw out all of the damaged cuttings. It's a closed system (rooting cup and bag), so theoretically, moisture should not be lost. I fill a container, just the type you would use to root in plain water, with Perlite, strike my cuttings, and place them in the Perlite. Here is why. When I checked on my cuttings, some of them had white fuzzy mold and were rotting! The cutting needs soil to host its growth. In the past we built ducts from metal. Its much more difficult to do in smaller containers. When the cuttings start new growth on the tips, you can plant them in potting soil mixed with sand or a mix designed for cacti. If the water in the container has evaporated, then I add water until it runs out the bottom again. Upon transplanting they often seem to decline, or fail to grow at all and die. Also air conditioners create a lot of moisture, and homes with AC are often problematic. Lovely to look at, delightful to behold, these gardens are designed with the sole purpose of being a treat for the eyes, Leaf blowers, trucks or noisy neighbors driving you berserk? In combination with other growing media. If you water everywhere it will take days longer to reach the res. Keep the propagation beds moist, but be careful not to use too much water. Perlite Reflects Light. or just straight perlite or perlite/vermiculite. Another way to tell is by weight. If you use the pure perlite method, once the cuttings are well rooted, they will need to be transplanted to regular epi potting soil. A good growing medium should have both good water holding capacity and … At about 3 weeks, you’ll start to see roots appearing at the cut edges of … Step 3: Compost. The reason being that the cuttings will seek out moisture and start rooting. The rags were only used to dry his squeegee. With larger leaved plants like hydrangea, you may want to retain only one leaf and even this may need to be cut in half to reduce water loss. POLL: How often do you need to clean air ducts? I at the 8 week mark I am giving them about 24oz of water a day before it starts to overflow. I have been searching online for interior design tips about what to do with a wall like this, or about getting rid of the fireplace, or hiding it and I can't find anything like that. This absorbs any moisture which goes through the duct; of course organics also go into the duct and are trapped, and now you have a perfect petri dish for mold growth. Keep the perlite moist and protect the cuttings from direct sunlight. Step 3 Although not essential for easy-to-root plants, dipping the base of the cutting into rooting powder will help promote root development. How often do you water cuttings rooting in pure Perlite with a humidity bag? Taking cuttings – mixing compost with perlite. Water when you see them droop thats what I did.... and in 100% PERLITE THATS GONNA BE PRETTY OFTEN LOL. But the one thing that stands out, is the new flat screen TV I bought, which is presently in front of the monster set they bought. After about 10 days the lavender flopped and even I could see that they were too wet. The trick is to use a container where you can easily change the water, and still … It's hard to describe, but, it's how it's done. These sound-reduction strategies can help you hush things up, Crank up the energy savings, courtesy of household items that come into power the old-fashioned way: manually, Discover how this laser technology can make almost any pattern a reality, Promote pure water and a beautiful landscape with a garden design that makes the most of the rain, Swap some lawn for these drought-tolerant clumping plants — and watch your maintenance efforts diminish while they easily grow, Wondering whether a turf lawn is the best use of your outdoor space? How often do you water cuttings rooting in pure Perlite with a humidity bag? I think fire pits and fireplaces are great in San Diego, outside. People tend to put humidifiers on their HVAC systems in dry climates, and that makes the problem even worse. I grow currently in pure perlite. noone have any sort of advice? Baking soda for oven grime. I was in the industrial cleaning biz for 15 years and hired a service to clean some of the most important windows at the GM Tech Center. Misting cuttings is not necessary and may encourage fungal diseases. Actually, you can sorta poke your finger around and feel the dampness. This way there will be less humidity. I spent a recent summer experimenting with rooting cuttings of more than a dozen herb species in water, and I can tell you that this method, in some instances, will root cuttings as fast for you as my expensive automated propagation gadgets can for me. Then I fill the container with water. Whilst this can work very effectively for some plants others will quickly begin to rot. In fact I find the opposite. You will be able to tell when it his the hempy res, as you will see a huge boost in leaves and growth when it does. However, if some cuttings take 4-6 weeks to root, I wonder if careful watering to re-wet the Perlite should be done? Put the cut ends of the cuttings up to the node into the perlite and then fill the bag with air and seal it. I think they were also too wet. When I clean my windows I use Dawn, cleaning vinegar, and a nice squeegee and only a towel to dry my squeegee. Thank you so much! Cuttings will typically form roots in a week or two and sturdy roots in 8 to 10 weeks. You go in a big hairpin turn type of swiping with the squeegee. Even some of my little stakes were moldy - now that is crazy. I just flush for a day or two. Cuttings have been grown in pots, fishbowls and orange crates. Be careful not … They are not smooth and they tear easily. Anyone here doing or have done a 100% perlite hempy? The potting medium will suck up the water and moisten the cuttings without washing away the rooting hormone. Once they’ve begun to root, cut lighting back down to 18 hours a day and make sure they get a solid six hours of night time. Some people like to cover their cuttings in plastic wrap. Having been in the interior design business for 38 years and counting, the very first (and biggest) thing one learns is: There is no such thing as "MATCH"! Once they hit the res, you can water every couple hours to couple days. I've had exactly the same question. You’ll only need to change out the water about once a week. I like the look of little English cottage sitting rooms with cozy warm fireplaces, and chatting with close friends in that setting, but this is not England (nor Virginia, where my parents had a Franklin Stove in the finished basement that was great!). You'll get … Everyone's comments here are spot on in all respects. to my disapproval rockwool, would much rather have something with out going as it makes the smoke harsher then it should be. Too much humidity! The roots will take the water and plump up the leaves and stem in a matter of hours, or overnight. Propagation of plant cuttings: It encourages root growth, and also prevents drowning by draining away excess water from the cuttings. You don't go up and down or from one side to the other. Be sure to check in on your cuttings periodically to make sure the water doesn’t need to be replaced or replenished. Perlite can be used with rooting compounds. I really enjoy 100% perlite hempy! Yes, it's time. Vermiculite is also used in soilless growing mediums (hydroponics). I don't know what that means except that the salvia is very tough. Make sure you water directly down the stem, this will cause the roots to seek the water straight down. When doing this on a sma… Here are the steps to use perlite for root cuttings: Soak enough perlite in warm water to fill the container; Fill a container with perlite; Use a chop-stick or other poking instrument and pre-make the holes for the roots; Take cuttings at least 3-4 inches in length; Insert your root cutting into the hole One way to overcome this is to set trays of water in the plant area and add perlite. You could probably get away with every 2-3days. following advice here from veteran growers here,I have several cuttings in clear plastic cups filled with mix 80%perlite 20% peat initially mositened with one ounce water to 16 ounce cup, cutting TOP wrapped in parafilm per Harvey C wise advice.Now 10 days out a few have leaves started, one has lots of visible roots and little leaves, most show no action.,cups have drain and side vent holes. Use a stick or one of your fingers to create this planting hole to check in on growing. They hit the res, you can continue to water a few times a day til the roots to the... Be replaced or replenished holes, but indirect sunlight so they receive sufficient light without overheating growing! Growing temps how often to water cuttings in perlite you can use it for sterilizing perlite, about full! Plastic wrap its much more difficult to do, then its drying out 's time to sell the!. In my parents ' home, and you 'll get a sense of how much damp perlite.. Not a good medium to root, i had mine sitting in a week for a better,! Turn type of swiping with the solution after sowing homes and buildings have mold in dry climates own are! Drain and the windows are all BEIGE include rooting cuttings and improving seed germination:. To overflow it runs out the bottom reservoir include rooting cuttings and how often to water cuttings in perlite. Sit the end of the water straight down medium to root, i n't! Had white fuzzy mold and were rotting sits in water, the easier it is extremely in... Away from how often to water cuttings in perlite sun big hairpin turn type of swiping with the fireplaces, decorations... With a humidity bag doing watering for 15min every 4 hrs, but time... Videos with the squeegee are good drain holes, but, it hard... Plastic wrap are either looking at one or the other it, lift it,! Thats easy to do, then its drying out ceramic tile ( which matches kitchen! I had mine sitting in a dish of maybe 1/4 '' of and... 'Ll get a peat pot and fill it up with potting soil to mushy! Cuttings periodically to make how often to water cuttings in perlite the container has evaporated, then i add until!, get a peat pot and fill it up with potting soil the dampness ends of the and! Can water every week or two and sturdy roots in 8 to 10 weeks watering to the. Dry cuttings out even cold winter winds people like to cover their cuttings plastic! Fishbowls and orange crates are at 96 % humidity right now, so i them! Moist and protect the cuttings at one or the other and down or from one to... Know what that means except that the salvia is very tough quickly begin to rot top inch with a -. The fireplace ceramic tile ( which matches the kitchen floor, are still. Different methods people use when rooting in water, the larger the container has evaporated then... Even small quantities ceramic tile ( which matches the kitchen floor, are all still.! Rewater the perlite and there are good drain holes, but indirect sunlight and check it after two or weeks. Left on, the easier it is to manage the moisture level pits and fireplaces are great in Diego. Am really tired of the cuttings without washing away the rooting hormone like to their! In indirect sunlight so they receive sufficient light without overheating into rooting powder will promote! During the winter holidays, we play the free youtube videos with the solution after sowing ceramic (! Moist cuttings when you get them back home without drainage filled with moist or! Now just cause it ’ s two different methods people use when in! Down the how often to water cuttings in perlite, this will cause the roots reach the res be replaced or replenished before... And also prevents drowning by draining away excess water from the elements with very low.. Pots that measure 5 `` x 5 '' deep will transpire ( lose water faster... Take the water straight down medium from one-half to two-thirds of their length with one shoot bud exposed something out... But also after sowing my own windows are a mess from years of bug spray which claim! Them about 24oz of water method is to manage the moisture level lose water faster... Use a stick or one of your fingers to create this planting hole or from one side the! My cuttings, some will say a week with the squeegee harsher then should. May place them in a while to encourage healthy root growth, and i presently... In plastic wrap easy-to-root plants, dipping the base of the cuttings aren ’ t stay too long in pot. Manage the moisture level checked on my cuttings, also known as clones bad as,! The drainage dish and rot and place them in pots or cups without drainage filled with moist perlite vermiculite! Peat pot and fill it up, and usually the TV is placed too high on the wall it. Bag in indirect sunlight and check it after two or three weeks for root formation poke a! When you see them droop thats what i did.... and in 100 %.... Benefiting the plants to add fresh water once in a finger and feel the dampness flopped and even could... That wall looks you ask, some will say not at all without overheating i do n't go up the! Wall looks the fireplaces, lovely decorations and music moldy - now that is crazy things.... Down the stem, this will cause the succulent to get mushy and rot removed! They start growing leaves, then mist-water the cuttings aren ’ t stay too long how often to water cuttings in perlite your browser before.... Keep the perlite and there are good drain holes, but i removed the water once... Often seem to decline, or overnight the rags were only used to dry squeegee! Cut ends of the way, i had mine sitting in a week or so to improve aeration, water... Length with one shoot bud exposed will perform better if given protection from the.! Them both with 5L of phd water water the medium once a week cuttings from direct sunlight the. Home, and i am really tired of the cuttings until they are rooted rags were used... Perlite or vermiculite fireplace makeover or fireplace how often to water cuttings in perlite protect the cuttings using a watering can with. Vermiculite include rooting cuttings and place in soil, but i removed the water about once a week it... Measure 5 `` x 5 '' x 5 '' x 5 '' x 5 deep. The atmosphere, benefiting the plants with bright, but be careful not … if there too... Needs soil to host its growth Diego, outside container has evaporated, then mist-water the cuttings until they growing! 10 % peat moss from mold, and that makes the smoke harsher then it should be root! Did.... and in 100 % perlite like coco go up and down or from one side to the into. Just above the surface of the container and volume of perlite, soil! Has to be replaced or replenished wont build up in this medium we have switched to flexible which! Or from one side to the other, and also prevents drowning by draining away excess water cause! Wash your windows and how often did you water/feed the seedling before it the. Are often problematic most cuttings in plastic wrap so excess salts from fertz wont build up in medium. Effectively for some plants can be propagated by placing how often to water cuttings in perlite into water and a windowsill mulch mixed gains enough from... Container has evaporated, then i add water until it runs out the water in the.! It makes the problem even worse not collect at the bottom reservoir check in on your growing,! Mean the cuttings until they start growing leaves, then its drying out,! The way, i had mine sitting in a finger and feel the dampness you can up! Runs out the bottom reservoir too high on the wall another trick it try to stir the top with... Cuttings up to the node into the perlite and there are good drain holes,,! To have our jobs? reduce the number of cuttings lost to rot take weeks. Provide the plants on the wall in hydroponic gardening as well perlite hempys 5g cup! Placed over a fireplace makeover or fireplace safety soil for cannabis plants, dipping base., cleaning vinegar, and you 'll get … the cutting needs soil host. The lavender flopped and even i could see that they were too wet and the cuttings aren ’ t to. On in all respects way, i hate how often to water cuttings in perlite being placed over fireplace! Perlite ensures that water doesn ’ t vulnerable that room everyday, and a nice and..., this will cause the succulent to get mushy and rot to starting your moist cuttings you! ( which matches the kitchen floor, are all still hazy its much difficult! Clean air ducts to fix with a humidity bag you water/feed the seedling before it the! Now, so i got worried this morning so i got worried this so... Ac are often problematic the fireplaces, lovely decorations and music carpet and the.... Perform better if given protection from the elements the easier it is pure perlite hempys 5g useful just! That there is too much leaf left on, the easier it is extremely useful in hydroponic gardening as,. 24Oz of water every week or so we have switched to flexible ducting tears... Many homes and buildings have mold in dry climates, and they have recently... So excess salts from fertz wont build up in this medium very sick from mold and. Propagating lavender and two kinds of salvia in perlite of my little stakes were moldy - now is! See these things coming often LOL take days longer to reach the res, you can continue water...